This article purports to cast new light on the sources of inspiration for Julio Cortázar’s pivotal story ‘El perseguidor’. In particular, it aims to. El perseguidor: Julio Cortázar: The main character of “El perseguidor” (“The Pursuer”), one of the stories in Las armas secretas, embodies many of the traits of . Brenes Reyes, p. 1 Improvisation and Writing: Julio Cortázar’s ‘El Perseguidor’ and the Pursuit for Freedom Jaime R. Brenes Reyes In the words of Argentine.

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Toward the end of the story, Johnny in fact openly objects to Bruno’s description of his music in terms of God and religion, angrily criticizing such references in Bruno’s biography of him. One persdguidor the prodigious musicians of the twentieth century, Parker is often considered to have almost single-handedly created the style of bebop.

Bruno then receives a telegram from Baby Lennox saying that Johnny ell died. When Johnny descends into another round of addiction and debauchery, his fellow musicians, patrons, and critics gather round, ostensibly to protect him from himself.

Siglo Veintiuno Editores, Her death is quite a blow to Johnny, who later says about his music: Their problem is that Johnny is still a living man, still capable of defying everything they think, or have written, perssguidor him.

The creative abilities of author and reader are combined and liberated from language’s barriers. Bruno’s condescension towards Johnny, which is clearest in his habit of referring to Johnny as a chimpanzee, suggests two important ideas.

After all, if he were to die in the street, “Johnny would die carrying with him what he doesn’t want to tell me tonight. Like Johnny, Art is from the United Statesand he has had “conversations with his agent about going back to New York as soon as possible.

Bruno feels that Marcel, like Art, fails to understand Johnny as well as he does. First, it emphasizes that Bruno uses racism as a way of dealing with his insecurity around Johnny. Johnny tells Bruno that, when he plays the saxophone, he is able to find temporary relief from the stresses of “the mortgage and the religion. After Johnny’s death, he slaps together a quick obituary in time for the second printing of his false biography, further cementing Johnny in the jazz pantheon in which Bruno insists he belongs, and further obscuring the real man and his tortuous, failed search.

And very often, like Johnny, these artists are tortured by their lack of success or severely misunderstood by other people. And as the story progresses, Bruno’s motives for helping Johnny express himself begin to appear more complicated.


Johnny is repeatedly described by Bruno as a sort of angel or a god. They have to keep living in order to solve them, in order to get to the secret. Click here to sign up. Improvisation, in the content of the story, as writing technique, and the impact upon the reader, has important consequences to understand reality and open doors for the liberation of the creative process.

Johnny’s youngest daughter with Lan, Bee ed of pneumonia in Chicago.

El perseguidor

When he first brings up his own biography, Johnny refers to a clumsy metaphor he used in the story’s re conversation, in which he described being shocked to see his own reflection in a mirror, and his sense that the man looking back could not possibly be pereeguidor.

Indf author published his most famous novel, Rayuela Hopscotchwhich employs a revolutionary narrative structure by way of chapters that are not read in chronological order but can be skipped through in at least two coherent sequences. However, Johnny is also referred to in terms that associate him with hell and the devil. Influenced by postmodern theorists such as the psychoanalyst Jacques Lacan, they were largely codtazar both with the conventions of the modernist era and the mainstream culture of their time.

In the years following World War IIFrench critical theorists such as the psychoanalyst Jacques Lacan were publishing their most influential theories, and the literary and cultural elite were rapidly moving away from the standards of modernism.

Two months before the opening of “The Pursuer,” Johnny had a falling-out with Tica, which is why Bruno is the one to pay for a new saxophone when Johnny loses his on the metro.

The Pursuer

Perhaps this is one reason Johnny continually loses his cortaazar he desires to be taken not simply for his music but for himself. Cortazar’s short story “The Pursuer” is narrated by jazz critic Bruno V. Bruno ultimately comes to regard Johnny as a Christ-like figure, whose music offers a form of spiritual transcendence to his listeners, while his self-destructive behaviors represent cortazwr Christ-like form of suffering for the sins of others. Cite this article Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography.

Black bebop musicians, although they were popular with peerseguidor whites, were often antagonistic to critics and had little interest in being a part of popular culture. He questions the validity and value of his own methods of preaching the message delivered by Johnny through his music, when he asks himself, “What kind of preacher am I?


Tica is both an enabler for Johnny’s drug addictionsince she is the person who most frequently supplies him with heroin, and a sophisticated and generous friend that often saves him in social situations. So he turns to Bruno, whose art is working with words, for help. Although Bruno admits that he is an “egoist” trying to protect his “idea” of Johnny, he later comes to recognize that Johnny is often the “hunter” chasing and tormenting his biographer.

This vortazar clearer in the original Spanish version, since the translator Paul Blackburn has edited out some of the awkwardness in language. Indeed, one of the most important “pursuers” is the reader of the story, hunting through the text in order to discover its dortazar. Inafter traveling back to New York City, Parker had an ulcer attack in the room of his friend and benefactor Baroness “Nica” Ponnonica de Koenigswarter, and died three days later of complications due to heroin and alcohol abuse.

While modernist writings tend to stress the unity of the work of art and frequently employ allegorical representation, postmodernist texts often call into question the very possibility of representation and highlight metaphysical problems, or problems that relate to the “nature cortszar reality.

These insights, expressed in Johnny’s monologues to Bruno and his other friends, tend to have much in common with some of the new philosophical theories of the s.

The Pursuer |

Dixieland jazz and swing musicians such as Armstrong were so popular among whites, and made such an effort to please their white critics, that they developed a reputation among some black musicians as “Uncle Toms”—a label from Harriet Beecher Stowe ‘s novel Uncle Tom ‘s Cabin that was used to describe servile or accommodating blacks.

Bruno finds out that he was at Tica’s place and likely died of perseguidog severe drug overdose. Perseguido important new style that flowered in the s and s and was particularly Latin American in origin was “magical realism,” or a fusion of fantasy and myth with realistic fiction.

While Bruno describes Johnny’s music in religious terms, Johnny describes his own relationship to pegseguidor religion as contentious. Even Johnny Carter’s initials—J. In he took a post teaching French literature at the University of Cuyo in Mendoza.