Published by the World Health Organization in , the International Classification of Impairments, Disabilities, and Handicaps (ICIDH) provides a conceptual. This paper describes developments in the use of the ICIDH since , in assessing the prevalence of disability in populations, in formulating policy decisions. ICIDH: International Classification of Impairments, Disabilities, and Handicaps . Since its publication as a trial version in , ICIDH has been used for various.

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The ICIDH: evolution, status, and prospects.

It should moreover include a theory of the etiologic processes involved in disablement as well as a theory of rehabilitative intervention. Disability is a functional limitation with regard to a particular activity. Go to the top of this page. Today ICIDH is available in 15 languages including Japanese and Chinese, and is used in a variety of fields such as 9180, vocational, educational, and social rehabilitation, policy and administration, statistics, research, and education and training.

The second option is “in the context of a health experience, participation is a person’s involvement in life situations.

The followings are excerpts from the Report of the Meeting.

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These factors can largely be grouped into environmental or extrinsic factors on the one hand and personal or intrinsic factors on the other. This person may be able to perform the daily activity reading using some type of assistive technology to overcome this handicap.

To achieve this, every possible approach should be used. Since WHO has organized annual meetings. ICIDH consists of two parts: The field test consists of “alpha test” June 96 – Dec 96″beta test 1″ Jul 97 – Dec 97 and “beta test 2” Impairment, Disability, Or Handicap? Although, each of iicidh three terminology can icish used when discussing disabling conditions, they convey three different meanings. Module 1 – Conceptualizing Disability P. Especially they play an important role in determining the level of participation.


The points of criticism relate to the consequences of disease model, the definitions of the basic terms, and the overlap of basic term extensions.

ICIDH, New ICIDH and Asian / Pacific Decade

A global common language in the field of disability has long been wanted. Last ten years in Japan, we experienced a successful policy expansion in mental health with the help of the conceptual framework of the ICIDH. The assessment of the impairments leads to 198 treatment plan and the assessment of the disability limitation of activities in ICIDH-2 will be used to identify the rehabilitation services needs, including needs for technical devices.

In order to overcome the definitional and overlap problems it is suggested, for one, to clearly distinguish between the phenomena and their symptoms and, for the other, to eliminate any overlap that may iciidh in the formulation of the concepts the definitions of the basic terms build on. A person who is 19980 blind the impairment is unable to read printed material, which is how most information is widely disseminated the disability.

In paralled with the wider use of the ICIDH, criticisms and requests for revision have grown and led to the revision process. It emphasizes the role of contextual or environmental factors and bidirectional interaction among factors replacing the unidirectional relationship in figure 1.

Go to the upper category.

The impairment is characterized as an abnormality of structure or function of body or organ including mental function. The understanding and recognition of the different dimensions, i. Although the draft ICIDH-2 is not available at this moment, early Junethe followings have been proposed and discussed so far.

Definition and Classification of Context Contextual factors usually interact with impairments, activities and participation.


The ICIDH permits a highly complex issue to be easily grasped to a certain extent, and has gained almost worldwide recognition as a valuable tool in the perception of the problem of disablement, in describing this problem and developing solutions for this problem. The crucial future tasks of the rehabilitation sciences will include the further development of a theory of disablement enabling provision of assistance to persons with disablement, or at risk of being disabled, in a more purposeful and causally founded manner than has been the case so far.

The ICIDH: evolution, status, and prospects.

This is based on a linear model implying progression from disease, impairment, disability to handicap. WHO is looking for a government or non-government agency in each country which is willing to work as a field test coordinating site.

In s the Act was revised a few times and group home program was established. During the “alpha test” phase a set of draft proposals for ICIDH-2 was prepared by the coordination of WHO and discussed among those who had already been involved in the revision process.

The results of the “beta test 1” will be used to prepare a revised draft which will be discussed in a revision meeting in Tokyo in March plannedand be ididh in the “beta test 2”. Handicap — the result when an individual with an impairment cannot fulfill a normal life role.

With modern definitions in rehabilitation using icldh basic terms, the ICIDH will before long also be established as a tool for purposes of documentation, evaluation and treatment planning in the field of rehabilitation.