Must-Read: Juan Linz’s “The Perils of Presidentialism” is a rather good analysis of Richard Nixon and his situation, but a rather bad analysis of. Juan Linz and Presidentialism. The recent debate over the merits of presidential democracy was sparked by Juan Linz’s essay “Presidential or Parliamentary. Linz’s analysis focuses on the structural problems of presidentialism. Unlike Shugart/Carey (), Linz does not differentiate among different.

Author: Kigakora Sajin
Country: Panama
Language: English (Spanish)
Genre: Automotive
Published (Last): 19 February 2017
Pages: 409
PDF File Size: 11.64 Mb
ePub File Size: 5.21 Mb
ISBN: 872-7-49541-751-1
Downloads: 10248
Price: Free* [*Free Regsitration Required]
Uploader: Mikalmaran

Ultimately, Ms Rousseff fell because she was a poor communicator and proved incapable of engaging with her Congress. Two out of the 11 presidents chosen by the German Parliament since World War II had to resign from office because their conduct was called into question.

Prof Linz cautioned Latin America against ignoring this model and going instead for a directly elected powerful presidency, because he believed that this would generate trouble with Preidentialism, which will be competing for the same popular legitimacy.

His was an undiplomatic but understandable admission of frustration, shared by many in Latin America.

The perils of ‘presidentialism’, Opinion News & Top Stories – The Straits Times

Does it make a difference?. Italian President Giorgio Napolitano, aged 90 and chosen only by Parliament, proved to be the only person with sufficient authority to manage his country’s domestic political meltdown over the past few years.

Perhaps someday I can turn editing back on again. At least half of Brazil’s legislators are suspected of corruption. The saddest current example of a similar clash between Parliament and a directly elected president is, of course, Venezuela. The lesson seems to be that directly elected strong presidencies imply long-term constitutional changes which are often unpredictable, and frequently unwelcome.

But unlike the US, where Congress has always been dominated by only two parties, the Presidenitalism Congress is home to over 30 parties, with none of the US traditions of mediating disputes between Parliament and head of state.

Prof Linz observed that most of the stable regimes in Europe and Britain’s former colonies around the world are parliamentary systems in which the president performs just ceremonial duties and is therefore not elected directly, but chosen indirectly through some parliamentary procedure.


There are examples when a ceremonial but directly elected presicentialism of state works very well with an all-powerful parliamentary government: The current Brazilian arrangement is a US-like presidency on steroids. And Greeks should congratulate themselves for having a president who is not directly elected; given the country’s terrible economic conditions, direct elections for a Greek head of state would have resulted in the rise of an extremist populist, precisely what is happening in another European country, Austria.

But the late Prof Linz’s warnings were prophetic. We have been experiencing some problems with subscriber log-ins pperils apologise for the inconvenience caused.

The perils of ‘presidentialism’

The Brazilian crisis is a classic example of what happens when the vanity and incompetence of politicians collides with the reality of a poorly written Constitution. And in other European countries such as Poland, or the Czech Republic which only recently introduced direct elections for its presidency, frequent clashes between governments and presidents are the staple fare for all politicians, and take more time than debating new legislation. Still, Professor Detlief Nolte and Dr Mariana Llanos, the authors of presidentilaism study, are right to point out that what happens in Latin America now is “relevant to policymakers and presiidentialism beyond this region”.

The person is not only head of state and commander-in-chief of the armed forces, but also appoints all Cabinet ministers and can even issue laws. I found periks the only edits came from spambots, though, so I eventually turned off the editing features. She presidentiakism that, regardless of the direct electoral mandate she enjoyed, the Brazilian Congress possessed another power copied from the US – that of being able to impeach her, to remove her from office.

Linz’s analysis focuses on the structural problems of presidentialism.

Linz clearly favors parliamentarianism over presidentialism. Still, just the question of electing a ceremonial head of state by a popular vote creates its own difficulties.

The fact that the leader of the world’s seventh-biggest economy could be pushed out of office in this way is noteworthy in itself. France has had a powerful executive presidency since the late s, and has frequently paid the price: A version of this article appeared in the print edition of The Straits Times on May 23,with the headline ‘The perils of ‘presidentialism”.


King Felipe VI is the only man with the legitimacy to keep Spain on a steady course, as the country staggered on without a government over the past six months, and now faces fresh elections.

But a log-in is still required for our PDFs.

And these charges are in themselves presidenrialism spurious: Nor are those about to judge her morally qualified: True, he does speak of problems inherent to presidentialism generally, as well as problems typical of specific presidential arrangements–like premier-presidentialism or hybrid regimes–but he generalizes the problems of each of these sub-types of presidentialism to presidentialism generally.

Nobody listened to him then, as one Latin American country after another rushed to create directly elected presidencies.

Candidates for such ceremonial presidencies have little to say during their electoral campaigns apart, perhaps, from promising to cut ribbons in a better way than their opponents. Still, her defiance came to nothing: She is accused of “manipulating” national accounts, allegedly in order to mask the country’s true economic conditions.

It is now a static website. A recent study from the German Institute for Global and Area Studies concludes that the problems of strong “presidentialism” in Latin America are here to stay; “the probability of a blanket change to parliamentary democracy is close to zero”, claims the report.

When presidents and prime ministers belong to different parties, France is often in the awkward position of being represented by two people presidentiapism various European Union meetings. Ireland is such a case. Johns Hopkins University Press. It is tempting to argue that Brazil is an isolated case; in neighbouring Argentina, presidehtialism equally vast Latin American country, power was recently transferred from one directly elected president to another smoothly.

Countries which elect their presidents indirectly through Parliament are not immune to problems: Sadly, however, that’s the exception rather than the rule, for the reality is that in many other Latin American countries, the clash over “hyper-presidentialism”, between all-powerful presidents and resentful Parliaments, is endemic.